O-RAN O2 Application

About this task

In the context of hosting a RAN Application on StarlingX, the O-RAN O2 Application provides and exposes the IMS and DMS service APIs of the O2 interface between the O-Cloud (StarlingX) and the Service Management & Orchestration (SMO), in the O-RAN Architecture.

The O2 interfaces enable the management of the O-Cloud (StarlingX) infrastructure and the deployment life-cycle management of O-RAN cloudified NFs that run on O-Cloud (StarlingX). See O-RAN O2 General Aspects and Principles 2.0, and INF O2 documentation.

The O-RAN O2 application is integrated into StarlingX as a system application. The O-RAN O2 application package is saved in StarlingX during system installation, but it is not applied by default.

System administrators can follow the procedures below to install and uninstall the O-RAN O2 application.



Configure the internal Ceph storage for the O2 application persistent storage, see StarlingX Storage Configuration and Management: Configure the Internal Ceph Storage Backend.

Enable PVC support in oran-o2 namespace, see StarlingX Storage Configuration and Management: Enable ReadWriteOnce PVC Support in Additional Namespaces.


You can install O-RAN O2 application on StarlingX from the command line.

  1. Locate the O2 application tarball in /usr/local/share/applications/helm.

    For example:

  2. Download admin_openrc.sh from the StarlingX admin dashboard.

    • Visit http://<oam-floating-ip-address>:8080/project/api_access/

    • Click the Download OpenStack RC File”/”OpenStack RC File button

  3. Copy the file to the controller host.

  4. Source the platform environment.

    $ source ./admin_openrc.sh
  5. Upload the application.

    ~(keystone_admin)]$ system application-upload /usr/local/share/applications/helm/oran-o2-<version>.tgz
  6. Prepare the override yaml file.

    1. Create a service account for SMO application.

      Create a ServiceAccount which can be used to provide SMO application with minimal access permission credentials.

      export SMO_SERVICEACCOUNT=smo1
      cat <<EOF > smo-serviceaccount.yaml
      apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
      kind: Role
        namespace: default
        name: pod-reader
      - apiGroups: [""] # "" indicates the core API group
        resources: ["pods"]
        verbs: ["get", "watch", "list"]
      apiVersion: v1
      kind: ServiceAccount
        name: ${SMO_SERVICEACCOUNT}
        namespace: default
      apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
      kind: RoleBinding
        name: read-pods
        namespace: default
        apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
        kind: Role
        name: pod-reader
      - kind: ServiceAccount
        name: ${SMO_SERVICEACCOUNT}
        namespace: default
      kubectl apply -f smo-serviceaccount.yaml
    2. Create a secret for service account and obtain an access token.

      Create a secret with the type service-account-token and pass the ServiceAccount in the annotation section as shown below:

      export SMO_SECRET=smo1-secret
      cat <<EOF > smo-secret.yaml
      apiVersion: v1
      kind: Secret
        name: ${SMO_SECRET}
          kubernetes.io/service-account.name: ${SMO_SERVICEACCOUNT}
      type: kubernetes.io/service-account-token
      kubectl apply -f smo-secret.yaml
      export SMO_TOKEN_DATA=$(kubectl get secrets $SMO_SECRET -o jsonpath='{.data.token}' | base64 -d -w 0)
    3. Create certificates for the O2 service.

      Obtain an intermediate or Root CA-signed certificate and key from a trusted intermediate or Root Certificate Authority (CA). Refer to the documentation for the external Root CA that you are using on how to create a public certificate and private key pairs signed by an intermediate or Root CA for HTTPS.

      For lab purposes, see StarlingX Security: Create Certificates Locally using openssl to create an Intermediate or test Root CA certificate and key, and use it to locally sign test certificates.

      The resulting files, from either an external CA or locally generated for the lab with openssl, should be:

      • Local CA certificate - my-root-ca-cert.pem

      • Server certificate - my-server-cert.pem

      • Server key - my-server-key.pem


      If using a server certificate signed by a local CA (i.e. lab scenario above), this local CA certificate (e.g. my-root-ca-cert.pem from lab scenario above) must be shared with the SMO application for the O2 server certificate verification.

    4. Prepare the O2 service application configuration file.

      As per the Cloudification and Orchestration use case defined in O-RAN Working Group 6, the following information should be generated by SMO:

      • O-Cloud Gload ID - OCLOUD_GLOBAL_ID

      • SMO Register URL - SMO_REGISTER_URL

      See O-RAN Cloudification and Orchestration Use Cases and Requirements for O-RAN Virtualized RAN.

      API_HOST_EXTERNAL_FLOATING=$(echo ${OS_AUTH_URL} | awk -F / '{print $3}' | cut -d: -f1)
      cat <<EOF > app.conf
      ocloud_global_id = ${OCLOUD_GLOBAL_ID}
      smo_register_url = ${SMO_REGISTER_URL}
      smo_token_data = ${SMO_TOKEN_DATA}
    5. Retrieve the CA certificate from your SMO vendor.

      If the SMO application provides service via HTTPS, and the server certificate is self-signed, the CA certficate should be retrieved from the SMO.

      This procedure assumes that the name of the certificate is smo-ca.pem

    6. Populate the override yaml file.

      Refer to the previous step for the required override values.

      APPLICATION_CONFIG=$(base64 app.conf -w 0)
      SERVER_CERT=$(base64 my-server-cert.pem -w 0)
      SERVER_KEY=$(base64 my-server-key.pem -w 0)
      SMO_CA_CERT=$(base64 smo-ca.pem -w 0)
      cat <<EOF > o2service-override.yaml
      applicationconfig: ${APPLICATION_CONFIG}
      servercrt: ${SERVER_CERT}
      serverkey: ${SERVER_KEY}
      smocacrt: ${SMO_CA_CERT}

      To deploy other versions of an image required for a quick solution, to have early access to the features (eg. oranscinf/pti-o2imsdms:2.0.0), and to authenticate images that are hosted by a private registry, follow the steps below:

      1. Create a docker-registry secret in oran-o2 namespace.

        export O2SERVICE_IMAGE_REG=<docker-server-endpoint>
        kubectl create secret docker-registry private-registry-key \
        --docker-server=${O2SERVICE_IMAGE_REG} --docker-username=${USERNAME} \
        --docker-password=${PASSWORD} -n oran-o2
      2. Refer to the imagePullSecrets in override file.

        cat <<EOF > o2service-override.yaml
          - private-registry-key
          serviceaccountname: admin-oran-o2
              o2service: ${O2SERVICE_IMAGE_REG}/docker.io/oranscinf/pti-o2imsdms:2.0.0
              postgres: ${O2SERVICE_IMAGE_REG}/docker.io/library/postgres:9.6
              redis: ${O2SERVICE_IMAGE_REG}/docker.io/library/redis:alpine
            pullPolicy: IfNotPresent
          logginglevel: "DEBUG"
        applicationconfig: ${APPLICATION_CONFIG}
        servercrt: ${SERVER_CERT}
        serverkey: ${SERVER_KEY}
        smocacrt: ${SMO_CA_CERT}
  7. Update the overrides for the oran-o2 application.

    ~(keystone_admin)]$ system helm-override-update oran-o2 oran-o2 oran-o2 --values o2service-override.yaml
    # Check the overrides
    ~(keystone_admin)]$ system helm-override-show oran-o2 oran-o2 oran-o2
  8. Run the system application-apply command to apply the updates.

    ~(keystone_admin)]$ system application-apply oran-o2
  9. Monitor the status using the command below.

    ~(keystone_admin)]$ watch -n 5 system application-list


    ~(keystone_admin)]$ watch kubectl get all -n oran-o2


You have launched services in the above namespace.


You will need to integrate StarlingX with an SMO application that performs management of O-Cloud infrastructure and the deployment life cycle management of O-RAN cloudified NFs. See the following API reference for details:



You can uninstall the O-RAN O2 application on StarlingX from the command line.

  1. Uninstall the application.

    Remove O2 application related resources.

    ~(keystone_admin)]$ system application-remove oran-o2
  2. Delete the application.

    Remove the uninstalled O2 application’s definition, including the manifest and helm charts and helm chart overrides, from the system.

    ~(keystone_admin)]$ system application-delete oran-o2


You have uninstalled the O2 application from the system.