StarlingX IPv6 Deployment

Background

StarlingX cluster networking supports both IPv4 and IPv6 (dual stack is not supported). The current StarlingX Installation Guide is only applicable to IPv4 deployment.

StarlingX releases before release 2.0 contain all required packages in the ISO image, so a network connection to the public network is not required during installing, bootstrapping, and provisioning.

Beginning with the StarlingX 2.0 release, a native bare metal Kubernetes cluster with OpenStack runs within containers on top of the cluster, instead of the host platform. Docker images (for both platform application and OpenStack) are installed on external image registries and expected to be pulled during the bootstrapping and provisioning.

Pulling Docker images from external image registries is not difficult for StarlingX IPv4 deployment. However, it can be a big challenge for StarlingX IPv6 deployment because IPv6 is not well supported by current public/corporate networks. A solution is required to allow StarlingX nodes in the IPv6 domain to be able to access registry servers in the IPv4 domain.

There are several solutions for this requirement, IPv6 capable proxy, NAT64/DNS64 gateway, local registry with IPv6 support, etc. In this document, we’d like to share our practice in NAT64/DNS64 gateway based StarlingX IPv6 deployment.

NAT64/DNS64 Brief

NAT64 is an IPv6 transition mechanism that facilitates communication between IPv6 and IPv4 hosts by using a form of network address translation (NAT). NAT64 gateway is a translator between IPv4 and IPv6 protocols. NAT64 was standardized in RFC 6052, RFC 6145, and RFC 6146.

DNS64 describes a DNS server that when asked for a domain’s AAAA records, but only finds A records, synthesizes the AAAA records from the A records. DNS64 was standardized in RFC 6147.

The figure below demonstrates how an IPv6 host access an IPv4 web server with the assistance of an NAT64/DNS64 gateway. The access is transparent to the IPv6 host. It doesn’t even know the web server is in an IPv4 domain.

NAT64 and DNS64

Figure 1: NAT64 and DNS64

  1. Host A sends a DNS request to the DNS64 server for the IPv6 address of the web server.

  2. The DNS64 server forwards the DNS request to the DNS server in IPv4 domain.

  3. The DNS server sends the web server’s IPv4 address back to the DNS64 server.

  4. The DNS64 server synthesizes an IPv6 address by combining the IPv4 address and a pre-defined IPv6 prefix and sends the synthesized IPv6 address to host A.

  5. Host A uses the IPv6 address to access the web server through the NAT64 server.

  6. The NAT64 server knows how the IPv6 address was synthesized. It can translate the IPv6 packets from host A to IPv4 packets by replacing the IPv6 address with the real IPv4 address of the web server, and making other necessary modifications. After the translation, the NAT64 server sends the packets to the web server. When it gets the response from the web server, the NAT64 server will translate the IPv4 packets back to IPv6 packets before sending them to host A.

NAT64/DNS64 based StarlingX IPv6 deployment

For a generic StarlingX IPv4 deployment, refer to the StarlingX Installation Guide.

In this guide, all the operations are based on a virtual deployment (all StarlingX nodes are VMs), to introduce how to use a NAT64/DNS64 server to make a StarlingX IPv6 deployment.

The diagram below demonstrates the infrastructure of the experimental setup. For simplicity, the NAT64/DNS64 servers are combined together and the gateway is running in a container.

NAT64/DNS64 based StarlingX IPv6 Deployment

Figure 2: NAT64/DNS64 based StarlingX IPv6 Deployment

  • There are three bridge devices in the picture, br_ipv4, br_ipv6_oam and br_ipv6_mgmt. br_ipv4 is for the IPv4 domain connection. It is connected to the outside of the host via the host NIC. br_ip6_oam is for the StarlingX OAM network. br_ipv6_mgmt is for the StarlingX management network. The two bridges are not connected to the outside.

  • The green block is the NAT64/DNS64 gateway running in a container. The container has two NICs: eth0 is connected to the IPv4 domain and eth1 is connected to the IPv6 domain.

  • The purple blocks are VMs for StarlingX nodes. Controller-0&1 are connected to both the br_ipv6_oam and br_ipv6_mgmt bridges. Worker nodes and storage nodes are connected to the br_ipv6_mgmt bridge.

  • The example uses the IP addresses 192.168.1.0/24 for the IPv4 domain and FD00::0/96 for the IPv6 domain.

How to set up a NAT64/DNS64 gateway

There are many implementations of NAT64 available. TAYGA is an out-of-kernel stateless NAT64 implementation for Linux. It uses the TUN driver to exchange IPv4 and IPv6 packets with the kernel. TAYGA is easy to use and configure, which is why it was chosen in this example.

For the same reason, BIND was chosen as the DNS64 solution in this setup. It is a very flexible, full-featured DNS system. DNS64 support is added from BIND 9.8.0.

Build the gateway image

Below is the dockerfile to build the container image. The base image is Ubuntu 18.04. TAYGA and BIND are both installed via apt-get. run.sh is a script to make necessary configurations and start the two services. named.conf.options is BIND’s configuration file.

# Version 0.5
FROM ubuntu:18.04
RUN apt-get update
RUN apt-get install tayga bind9 bind9utils bind9-doc -y
RUN apt-get install iproute2 iptables dnsutils vim iputils-ping -y

WORKDIR /opt
ADD run.sh /opt/run.sh
ADD named.conf.options /etc/bind/named.conf.options

The script run.sh does a couple of things:

  1. Get the IP addresses of the two interfaces

  2. Dynamically create a configuration file for TAYGA

  3. Make necessary configurations (IP address, routing rules and iptables) and start TAYGA service

  4. Modify BIND configuration file and start BIND service

Please note that in this script:

  1. An IPv6 address prefix as fd00:ffff is specified. That means an IPv4 address x.x.x.x will be mapped to an IPv6 address fd00:ffff::x.x.x.x.

  2. 192.168.255.0/24 is an IPv4 address pool used by TAYGA inside the container.

Here’s the content of run.sh:

#! /bin/bash
# variables
prefix=${1:-fd00:ffff}
gw_ipv4=${2:-192.168.1.1}
echo "$prefix, $gw_ipv4"

# get container ip
ext_if=eth0
int_if=eth1
ext_ip=`ifconfig ${ext_if}  | grep 'inet ' | cut -d' ' -f10`
int_ip=`ifconfig eth1  | grep 'inet6 ' | grep -v "fe80" | cut -d' ' -f10`

#############
# start nat64
#############
cat << EOF | tee tayga.conf
tun-device nat64
ipv4-addr 192.168.255.1
prefix $prefix::/96
dynamic-pool 192.168.255.0/24
data-dir /var/db/tayga
EOF

mkdir -p /var/db/tayga
# create TUN device
tayga --mktun
ip link set nat64 up
# IP and routing settings
ip addr add $int_ip dev nat64
ip addr add $ext_ip dev nat64
ip route add 192.168.255.0/24 dev nat64
ip route add $prefix::/96 dev nat64
ip route del default
ip route add default via $gw_ipv4
# set up NAT44
iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o $ext_if -j MASQUERADE -s 192.168.255.0/24
tayga -c tayga.conf

#############
# start dns64
#############
sed -i "s#dns64 xxxx:ffff::/96 {#dns64 $prefix::/96 {#g" /etc/bind/named.conf.options
service bind9 start

echo "start services done!"

In named.conf.options, the option dns64 is configured as below. Please note that dnssec-validation must be set to no. 127.0.0.11 is configured in the option forwarders. The value of the IP depends on the resolver configured for the container. Docker internally uses libnetwork to configure and enable the embedded DNS resolver. Libnetwork binds the resolver to the container’s loopback interface, so that DNS queries at 127.0.0.11 can be routed (via iptables) to the backend DNS resolver in the Docker Engine. That’s why 127.0.0.11 is configured here. The DNS64 server will forward DNS queries to 127.0.0.11.

options {
        directory "/var/cache/bind";
        forwarders {
                127.0.0.11;
        };
        forward only;

        dnssec-validation no;

        auth-nxdomain no;    # conform to RFC1035
        listen-on-v6 { any; };
        dns64 xxxx:ffff::/96 {
                clients { any; };
                recursive-only yes;
                break-dnssec yes;
                exclude { any; };
        };
};

Start the gateway container

Before starting the gateway container, the two bridges, br_ipv4 and br_ipv6_oam, should be created. Use the docker network command to create these two bridges instead of the brctl command. In addition creating a bridge device, docker network will assign a specific subnet to the bridge and add the necessary iptables rules to make sure the bridge can access the outside of the host.

br_ipv6_mgmt is used to connect the management network of StarlingX nodes. This setup is covered in the Starling Installation Guide.

The IPv4 and IPv6 addresses used by the gateway container shown in Figure 2 are all specified in the following script.

Running a container with two NICs is a little tricky. docker run doesn’t support attaching a container to two networks. Here’s the solution:

  1. Use docker create and docker start to create and start a container first.

  2. Use docker network to connect the container to the second network.

Here’s an example of the script to start the gateway container:

#! /bin/bash

IMAGE_NAME=nat64_dns64_gw
TAG=1.0
FULL_IMAGE_NAME="$IMAGE_NAME:$TAG"
CONTAINER_NAME="nat64_dns64_gw"

ipv6_br_name=br_ipv6_oam
prefix=fd00
ipv6_prefix=$prefix:ffff
ipv6_subnet=$prefix::/96
ipv6_br_ip=$prefix::ff
ipv6_srv_ip=$prefix::1

ipv4_br_name=br_ipv4
ipv4_subnet=192.168.1.0/24
ipv4_br_ip=192.168.1.1
ipv4_srv_ip=192.168.1.2

# create networks
v6net=$(docker network ls | grep $ipv6_nw_name)
if [ -z "$v6net" ]; then
        echo "create network $ipv6_nw_name"
        docker network create --driver=bridge -o \
                "com.docker.network.bridge.name=$ipv6_br_name" \
                --subnet $ipv6_subnet --gateway=$ipv6_br_ip --ipv6 \
                $ipv6_nw_name
fi
v4net=$(docker network ls | grep $ipv4_nw_name)
if [ -z "$v4net" ]; then
        echo "create network $ipv4_nw_name"
        docker network create --driver=bridge \
              -o "com.docker.network.bridge.name=$ipv4_br_name" \
              -o "com.docker.network.bridge.enable_ip_masquerade=true" \
              --subnet $ipv4_subnet \
              --gateway=$ipv4_br_ip \
              $ipv4_nw_name
fi

# run your container
echo "start container $CONTAINER_NAME"
docker create -it --net $ipv4_nw_name \
        --ip $ipv4_srv_ip \
        --name $CONTAINER_NAME
        --cap-add=NET_ADMIN \
        --device=/dev/net/tun
        --sysctl net.ipv6.conf.all.disable_ipv6=0 \
        --sysctl net.ipv4.ip_forward=1 \
        --sysctl net.ipv6.conf.all.forwarding=1 \
        $FULL_IMAGE_NAME /bin/bash
docker start $CONTAINER_NAME
docker network connect $ipv6_nw_name --ip6 $ipv6_srv_ip $CONTAINER_NAME
docker exec -d $CONTAINER_NAME /opt/run.sh $ipv6_prefix $ipv4_br_ip

How to bootstrap and provision StarlingX for IPv6 deployment

Once the NAT64/DNS64 gateway is ready, it’s time to start installing StarlingX by following the StarlingX Installation Guide.

Bootstrap StarlingX

At the first boot-up of controller-0, the gateway and routing rules need to be configured before bootstrapping.

In this example, ens6 is the interface of the OAM network, f00::1 is the IP address of the NAT64/DNS64 gateway, and fd00:ffff::/96 is the synthesized IPv6 address:

sudo ip addr add fd00::3/96 dev ens6
sudo ip -6 route add fd00:ffff::/96 via fd00::1
sudo ip -6 route add default dev ens6

For a StarlingX simplex case, a localhost.yml like the example below is needed to bootstrap controller-0.

---
system_mode: simplex

admin_username: admin
admin_password: <sysadmin-password>
ansible_become_pass: <sysadmin-password>

external_oam_subnet: fd00::/96
external_oam_gateway_address: fd00::1
external_oam_floating_address: fd00::3

dns_servers:
  - fd00::1

management_subnet: fd01::/96
management_multicast_subnet: ff08::1:1:0/124
cluster_host_subnet: fd02::/96
cluster_pod_subnet: fd03::/96
cluster_service_subnet: fd04::/112

For a StarlingX duplex or multi-node case, the sample localhost.yml is as shown below:

---
system_mode: duplex

admin_username: admin
admin_password: <sysadmin-password>
ansible_become_pass: <sysadmin-password>

management_subnet: fd01::/96
management_start_address: fd01::2
management_end_address: fd01::50

external_oam_subnet: fd00::/96
external_oam_gateway_address: fd00::1
external_oam_floating_address: fd00::2
external_oam_node_0_address: fd00::3
external_oam_node_1_address: fd00::4

dns_servers:
  - fd00::1

management_multicast_subnet: ff08::1:1:0/124
cluster_host_subnet: fd02::/96
cluster_pod_subnet: fd03::/96
cluster_service_subnet: fd04::/112

Provision StarlingX

For duplex or multi-node cases, additional configurations are required because in the StarlingX system, the pxeboot network and management network share the same link. In the current support for IPv6, the management interface needed to be isolated as a VLAN interface, and an untagged pxeboot network must be configured. Otherwise, controller-1 fails to get IPv6 address on the first boot-up.

The following shows the commands to create VLAN interface for the management network during the provision stage of controller-0.

With these commands, a logic interface called mgmt_vlan with VLAN id 100 on the port ens7 is created, and management and cluster networks are assigned to this interface. Pxeboot network is assigned to the interface ens7 (untagged). (No need to do this again on controller-1, StarlingX will take care of the VLAN interface creation for controller-1.)

$ system host-if-add controller-0 mgmt_vlan vlan ens7 -V 100
$ system host-if-modify controller-0 ens7 -c platform
$ system host-if-modify controller-0 mgmt_vlan -c platform
$ system interface-network-assign controller-0 mgmt_vlan mgmt
$ system interface-network-assign controller-0 mgmt_vlan cluster-host
$ system interface-network-assign controller-0 ens7 pxeboot

Once these configurations are done, unlock controller-0. After that, there are no other special operations required for IPv6 deployment, just follow the generic StarlingX installation process.

Some useful log information during the deployment is provided here for reference.

  • System version

    [sysadmin@controller-0 ~(keystone_admin)]$ system show
    +----------------------+--------------------------------------+
    | Property             | Value                                |
    +----------------------+--------------------------------------+
    | contact              | None                                 |
    | created_at           | 2020-03-20T09:21:08.889223+00:00     |
    | description          | None                                 |
    | https_enabled        | False                                |
    | location             | None                                 |
    | name                 | f6e37368-80aa-4ce4-a205-115a321b9858 |
    | region_name          | RegionOne                            |
    | sdn_enabled          | False                                |
    | security_feature     | spectre_meltdown_v1                  |
    | service_project_name | services                             |
    | software_version     | 20.01                                |
    | system_mode          | duplex                               |
    | system_type          | All-in-one                           |
    | timezone             | UTC                                  |
    | updated_at           | 2020-03-20T09:22:58.865137+00:00     |
    | uuid                 | 985077eb-03e5-425d-8b09-3d11b938ba58 |
    | vswitch_type         | none                                 |
    +----------------------+--------------------------------------+
    
  • Controller-0 network list

    [sysadmin@controller-0 ~(keystone_admin)]$ system network-list
    +----+--------------------------------------+-----------------+-----------------+---------+--------------------------------------+
    | id | uuid                                 | name            | type            | dynamic | pool_uuid                            |
    +----+--------------------------------------+-----------------+-----------------+---------+--------------------------------------+
    | 5  | 0c1d74ed-1ffb-4a03-949b-a45a4575912b | cluster-host    | cluster-host    | True    | d835802c-1dcb-4b08-a0a1-5e688e8c45b9 |
    | 2  | 3fd3b624-abc6-4b8a-843d-93cde783e3e4 | pxeboot         | pxeboot         | True    | 9f30964b-393c-4556-b368-a9f7f9278fd2 |
    | 1  | 4d6733f0-f3f7-4285-8625-5f7ffb0a207f | mgmt            | mgmt            | True    | 19785b30-349f-49e5-81ea-55f62d530d7a |
    | 6  | 73d25d3a-59e3-467c-8479-280da8952b58 | cluster-pod     | cluster-pod     | False   | 5eacf77d-5dfa-4ed6-9170-c0d106c0a4b9 |
    | 4  | ae5b50fb-43f2-4401-ac27-a9bb008b97e5 | multicast       | multicast       | False   | e2b67d50-8bf8-4a99-b7f7-f1b74e101c3c |
    | 3  | ceca83ec-b442-45f0-b32b-0cdfbc11a74a | oam             | oam             | False   | 0b30c5aa-427c-4133-a09b-7cc91240e8e4 |
    | 7  | fdeb383d-588a-4454-87c5-4a3bcff77374 | cluster-service | cluster-service | False   | 84432e6d-81b0-4b97-aacf-f4a47f1235bd |
    +----+--------------------------------------+-----------------+-----------------+---------+--------------------------------------+
    
  • System address pool

    [sysadmin@controller-0 ~(keystone_admin)]$ system addrpool-list
    +--------------------------------------+------------------------+---------------+--------+--------+-----------------------------------+------------------+---------------------+---------------------+-----------------+
    | uuid                                 | name                   | network       | prefix | order  | ranges                            | floating_address | controller0_address | controller1_address | gateway_address |
    +--------------------------------------+------------------------+---------------+--------+--------+-----------------------------------+------------------+---------------------+---------------------+-----------------+
    | d835802c-1dcb-4b08-a0a1-5e688e8c45b9 | cluster-host-subnet    | fd02::        | 96     | random | ['fd02::1-fd02::ffff:fffe']       | fd02::1          | fd02::2             | fd02::3             | None            |
    | 5eacf77d-5dfa-4ed6-9170-c0d106c0a4b9 | cluster-pod-subnet     | fd03::        | 96     | random | ['fd03::1-fd03::ffff:fffe']       | None             | None                | None                | None            |
    | 84432e6d-81b0-4b97-aacf-f4a47f1235bd | cluster-service-subnet | fd04::        | 112    | random | ['fd04::1-fd04::fffe']            | None             | None                | None                | None            |
    | 19785b30-349f-49e5-81ea-55f62d530d7a | management             | fd01::        | 96     | random | ['fd01::2-fd01::50']              | fd01::2          | fd01::3             | fd01::4             | None            |
    | e2b67d50-8bf8-4a99-b7f7-f1b74e101c3c | multicast-subnet       | ff08::1:1:0   | 124    | random | ['ff08::1:1:1-ff08::1:1:e']       | None             | None                | None                | None            |
    | 0b30c5aa-427c-4133-a09b-7cc91240e8e4 | oam                    | fd00::        | 96     | random | ['fd00::1-fd00::ffff:fffe']       | fd00::2          | fd00::3             | fd00::4             | fd00::1         |
    | 9f30964b-393c-4556-b368-a9f7f9278fd2 | pxeboot                | 169.254.202.0 | 24     | random | ['169.254.202.1-169.254.202.254'] | 169.254.202.1    | 169.254.202.2       | 169.254.202.3       | None            |
    +--------------------------------------+------------------------+---------------+--------+--------+-----------------------------------+------------------+---------------------+---------------------+-----------------+
    
  • Controller-0 interface list

    [sysadmin@controller-0 ~(keystone_admin)]$ system host-if-list controller-0
    +--------------------------------------+--------+----------+----------+------+--------------+----------+---------+---------------------------+
    | uuid                                 | name   | class    | type     | vlan | ports        | uses i/f | used by | attributes                |
    |                                      |        |          |          | id   |              |          | i/f     |                           |
    +--------------------------------------+--------+----------+----------+------+--------------+----------+---------+---------------------------+
    | 411ea0bf-a096-42e6-8681-26e6f29314eb | ens7   | platform | ethernet | None | [u'ens7']    | []       | [u'mgmt | MTU=1500                  |
    |                                      |        |          |          |      |              |          | _vlan'] |                           |
    |                                      |        |          |          |      |              |          |         |                           |
    | 81aaac13-2c2f-4b3e-9ddc-d51114d36767 | data0  | data     | ethernet | None | [u'eth1000'] | []       | []      | MTU=1500,accelerated=True |
    | a0d93129-0ed4-435a-906e-6b135f6f066a | ens6   | platform | ethernet | None | [u'ens6']    | []       | []      | MTU=1500                  |
    | d5d88e96-04c6-4981-aa84-07d64a4eae5c | mgmt_v | platform | vlan     | 100  | []           | [u'ens7' | []      | MTU=1500                  |
    |                                      | lan    |          |          |      |              | ]        |         |                           |
    |                                      |        |          |          |      |              |          |         |                           |
    | d933d630-f24e-4e69-b4a1-0c840a3dbbc7 | data1  | data     | ethernet | None | [u'eth1001'] | []       | []      | MTU=1500,accelerated=True |
    +--------------------------------------+--------+----------+----------+------+--------------+----------+---------+---------------------------+
    
  • Controller-1 interface list

    [sysadmin@controller-0 ~(keystone_admin)]$ system host-if-list controller-1
    +--------------------------------------+----------+----------+----------+------+--------------+--------------+-----------+----------------------+
    | uuid                                 | name     | class    | type     | vlan | ports        | uses i/f     | used by   | attributes           |
    |                                      |          |          |          | id   |              |              | i/f       |                      |
    +--------------------------------------+----------+----------+----------+------+--------------+--------------+-----------+----------------------+
    | 6c082ca1-634c-4475-a9cc-dcb15eaa9a52 | pxeboot0 | platform | ethernet | None | [u'ens7']    | []           | [u'mgmt0' | MTU=1500             |
    |                                      |          |          |          |      |              |              | ]         |                      |
    |                                      |          |          |          |      |              |              |           |                      |
    | bf743d9f-c1f5-497e-8199-4b59b67dd7de | data0    | data     | ethernet | None | [u'eth1000'] | []           | []        | MTU=1500,accelerated |
    |                                      |          |          |          |      |              |              |           | =True                |
    |                                      |          |          |          |      |              |              |           |                      |
    | eb6ef259-64a1-4141-9514-f8767f51ba2a | oam0     | platform | ethernet | None | [u'ens6']    | []           | []        | MTU=1500             |
    | ed34b240-8df3-4661-a1bf-4a536c8f1d9a | mgmt0    | platform | vlan     | 100  | []           | [u'pxeboot0' | []        | MTU=1500             |
    |                                      |          |          |          |      |              | ]            |           |                      |
    |                                      |          |          |          |      |              |              |           |                      |
    | f07cb373-377c-46de-a9e0-f05fee927236 | data1    | data     | ethernet | None | [u'eth1001'] | []           | []        | MTU=1500,accelerated |
    |                                      |          |          |          |      |              |              |           | =True                |
    |                                      |          |          |          |      |              |              |           |                      |
    +--------------------------------------+----------+----------+----------+------+--------------+--------------+-----------+----------------------+
    
  • Controller-0 interface and assigned network

    [sysadmin@controller-0 ~(keystone_admin)]$ system interface-network-list controller-0
    +--------------+--------------------------------------+-----------+--------------+
    | hostname     | uuid                                 | ifname    | network_name |
    +--------------+--------------------------------------+-----------+--------------+
    | controller-0 | 231f0e32-e726-405a-b09a-7b51c62eb047 | mgmt_vlan | cluster-host |
    | controller-0 | 52f578fd-ace6-4644-998f-24ad9b413ad8 | ens6      | oam          |
    | controller-0 | 5dce2586-0df1-4299-a764-b62252a70832 | mgmt_vlan | mgmt         |
    | controller-0 | a94d2767-582b-4b45-bf38-0faea10cc016 | ens7      | pxeboot      |
    +--------------+--------------------------------------+-----------+--------------+
    
  • Controller-1 interface and assigned network

    [sysadmin@controller-0 ~(keystone_admin)]$ system interface-network-list controller-1
    +--------------+--------------------------------------+----------+--------------+
    | hostname     | uuid                                 | ifname   | network_name |
    +--------------+--------------------------------------+----------+--------------+
    | controller-1 | 079030b3-89a2-45ba-8977-a0d19060fa31 | mgmt0    | cluster-host |
    | controller-1 | 74df5f28-ad34-451a-af0d-f4c7622038b3 | mgmt0    | mgmt         |
    | controller-1 | 84e0d42e-5c04-40c9-b6a7-afcd08ea78b5 | pxeboot0 | pxeboot      |
    | controller-1 | 94d9a5ee-7fed-4b08-a41b-7b03ec71f447 | oam0     | oam          |
    +--------------+--------------------------------------+----------+--------------+
    

Some useful commands are listed here for reference.

# dns lookup for IPv6 address
nslookup –query=AAAA <domain name>

# ping IPv6 address
ping6 <IPv6 address>

# trace IPv6 path
tracepath6 -n <IPv6 address>

# show IPv6 routing table
ip -6 route show

# show IPv6 iptables in nat table
ip6tables -t nat -L

# copy localhost.yml to controller-0
scp -6 localhost.yml sysadmin@\[fd00::3\]:~/

# ssh controller-0
ssh sysadmin@fd00::3

Summary

In this document, we introduced a method to make a StarlingX IPv6 deployment based on a NAT64/DNS64 gateway. Though only virtual deployment was discussed here, the same method is also applicable to physical deployment. Physical switches used for the management network should be configured to support VLAN.